Art Therapy
Education Materials
Donna Betts
Art Therapy, Adoption & Foster Care


The “Art Therapy & Adoption/Foster Care” and “Creative Arts Therapies & Adoption/Foster Care” lists (below) include the only references on these very specific topics that I am aware of. If you have additional references that are not listed below, please forward them to


Betts, D. J. (1998). Adoption and Art Therapy: A Pilot Study Exploring Results of the MARI Card Test. Poster session presented at the 30th Annual American Art Therapy Association Conference, Orlando, FL.

Betts, D. J., & Perry, R. C. (2000). Transitions using life review: Lifebooks from birth to death. Paper presented at the 31st Annual American Art Therapy Association Conference, St. Louis, MO.

Black, C., & Kaczmarek, M. (1992). Projective drawings in the treatment and evaluation of a late-adopted child. The American Journal of Art Therapy, 31, 10-16.

Consoli-Barash, J. A. (1996). I once was a lost foster child…Now I am found. How art therapy, a stable placement and group therapy resolved the trauma of abandonment in foster care. Unpublished thesis. Rohnert Park, CA.

Coufal, R. (1983). Reunification with the adopted self: Art psychotherapy with adult adoptees. In California Art Therapy Trends, E. Virshup (Ed.), (pp. 103-116). Chicago, IL: Magnolia Street.

Fehlner, J. D. (1994). Art therapy with learning-blocked, depressed children. The Canadian Art Therapy Association Journal, 8(2), 1-12.

Flamer, B. (1978). Seven adoptees: The changing and the chosen child. Unpublished thesis. PI.

Galbraith, N. (1978). A foster child’s pictorial expression of ambivalence. Amercian Journal of Art Therapy, 17, 39-49.

Gaskins, M. (1989). An art therapy approach to adopted adolescent identity development: A single case study. Unpublished thesis. UL.

Giglio, M. (1984). Group therapy for adopted adolescents. (video). LM.

Henley, D. (2005). Attachment disorders in post-institutionalized adopted children: Art therapy approaches to reactivity and detachment. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 32, 29-46.

Irving, M. C. (1995). Natalistic art in therapy theory: Working with birth and prenatal issues through art. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Union Graduate School, Cincinnati, OH.

Jensen, S. (1975). Attachment process: An art therapy approach - - a comparative study of natural and adoptive mothers. Unpublished thesis. LM.

Kaiser, D. H. (1996). Indications of attachment security in a drawing task. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 23(4), 333-340.

Klorer, G. (2000). An insatiable hunger: Attachment dilemmas of children in foster care. Paper presented at the 31st Annual American Art Therapy Association Conference, St. Louis, MO.

Lyons, S. J. (1993). Art psychotherapy evaluations of children in custody disputes. The Arts In Psychotherapy, 20, 153-159.

Morris, M. (1981). Art therapy with adoptive families: A literature review and grant proposal. Unpublished thesis. LM.

Martin, G. W. (1982). A pictorial study of grief and loss in the life cycle. The Union for Experimenting Colleges and Universities, Ann Arbor, MI. (University Microfilms International)

Peake, B. (1987). A child’s odyssey toward wholeness through art therapy. Special Issue: Childhood sexual abuse. Arts in Psychotherapy, 14(1), 41-58.

Robertson, B. (1999). Drawing a Blank: Art Therapy For Adolescent Adoptees. The American Journal of Art Therapy, 39(3), 74-79.


Betts, D. J. (Ed.) (2003). Creative art therapies approaches in adoption and foster care: Contemporary strategies for working with individuals and families. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Gonick, R., & Gold, M. (1991). Fragile attachments: Expressive arts therapy with children in foster care. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 18(5), 433-440.

Goodell, S. J. (1988). Room for opposites: Use of expressive therapies to explore issues of abandonment and individuation with an adopted adolescent. Unpublished thesis. UL.

Harvey, S. (1990). Dynamic play therapy: An integrative expressive approach to the family therapy of young children. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 17(3), 239-246.

Harvey, S. (1991). Creating a family: An integrated expressive approach to adoption. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 18, 213-222.

Pardeck, J. T. (1994). Using literature to help adolescents cope with problems. Adolescence, 29(114), 421-427.

Rousseau, C., Drapeau, A., Lacroix, L., Bagilishya, D. & Heusch, N. (2005). Evaluation of a classroom program of creative expression workshops for refugee and immigrant children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(2), 180-185.

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